History

Dunfermline was the capital of Scotland for over 500 years and is the second largest town in Fife. The history dates back to 1065 when Malcolm Canmore moved his court here. The Dunfermline Abbey, founded by Queen Margaret, is the most celebrated ancient building, with its Norman nave dating back to 1126.  Robert the Bruce is buried in the Abbey grounds next to the 19th century parish church.  

Places of historic interest are St Margaret’s Cave, an underground place of pilgrimage and Abbot House 16th century town house converted into a local heritage centre.  Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline in 1835.  His humble cottage is now his Birthplace Museum.  Carnegie’s gifts to the town include the first Public Library, The Carnegie Hall and Pittencrieff Park.

Visit the oldest house in Dunfermline and hear its story told by the resident ghost.  See history unfold before you!  Feel the atmosphere within its walls!  Sample fayre from the Abbot's Kitchen or stroll in the scented garden.

The displays in Abbot House span more than 1,000 years of Scottish life and history from the time of the Picts to the building of the Forth Road Bridge.  Originally the 15th century residence of the mighty Abbot of Dunfermline, the old house has witnessed great events and, since Dunfermline was the ancient Capital of Scotland, its story and that of its folk becomes the story of the Scottish nation.


 

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